Photovoltaic is a system capable of directly converting solar energy into electricity. The use of photovoltaic systems gives us the ability to have a cleaner environment, because the photovoltaic electricity generation system has very little side effects on nature. A phenomenon that produces electricity as a result of light radiation without the use of driving mechanisms is called a photovoltaic phenomenon, and any system that uses this phenomenon is called a photovoltaic system. Photovoltaic systems are also called PV systems, which are derived from the initials of this system. Photovoltaic panels, or simply solar panels, are panels that convert sunlight directly into electricity (direct current electricity).
When a solar cell is exposed to radiation, the electrons in the silicon are excited and ejected from their main atoms, which is called photovoltaic phenomenon.
This system is considered one of the most appropriate options for saving electricity, especially for large areas. For example, centers such as power plants use a lot of electricity. If photovoltaic systems are used to supply them with electricity, there will be no place to worry about the wastage of electricity.
Solar energy does not require fuel, the operation cost is very low.
Optimal design of small solar power plants to work in the most difficult conditions
The construction cycle of the solar energy production system is short, convenient and flexible, and the capacity of the solar array can be increased or decreased according to the increase or decrease of the load to avoid energy loss.
Solar energy can be everywhere, no need for long distance transmission.
But as you know, solar systems also have disadvantages, including:
Land use is intermittent and random, and electricity production is related to weather conditions. Can't or rarely generate electricity at night or on rainy days.
The initial cost of installing and using solar energy is very high as the user has to pay for the entire package.
This system is used when we intend to produce electricity through solar energy.